Researchers studying the brains of toddlers say the strength of their brainwaves can indicate language ability. As ScienCentral reports, this research might lead to early identification of language impairment. Why might studying language ability in toddlers not necessarily predict future abilities?
The clip includes footage from Toby Mintzs lab and description of his current research. In this particular study, he uses infants who are 7 months old because that is when infants typically perceive speech patterns. How do the researchers know if an infant is paying attention to word or non-word auditory stimuli? Is vowel harmony […]
A baby babbles to himself white he tries to go to sleep. What is babbling and how does it lead to the development of speech? What is variegated babbling and how old are babies when they start that? What stage of speech production comes after babbling?
The actor Sacha Baron Cohen interviews Noam Chomsky while in the character Ali G. Some potentially offensive content follows. However, the clip shows a light-hearted Chomsky and his thoughts on basic questions about language that students may also hold. Why is studying language important? How many words does a normal human know? How does Chomsky […]
Kanzi’s ability to understand spoken language can be seen in this video. He is asked to find the lexigrams, or symbols, for specific words. It is in this way that chimps, bonobos, and other types of apes are taught to speak. Using this technology, would you be able to have a conversation with Kanzi? Why […]
Kanzi’s language comprehension has been demonstrated in research using novel sentences phrases that preclude the learning of specific responses. How is language acquisition demonstrated differently in this video than in the previous video (Kanzi Understands Spoken Language)?
This clip is a trailer for a documentary about wild, or feral, children. The girl featured here grew up for six years, surrounded by dogs rather than humans. The girl has many qualities characteristic of dogs, including barking rather than speaking. How do you think her upbringing has affected and may continue to affect her […]
Lord Syntax and his friend Nemesis sit a club to eat dinner. Lord Syntax notices that the piano player is playing the same tune all evening with a small variation. In the case of the piano player, different keys, chords, and tempos are used to create variation. In the case of sentences, small variations exist […]
Please note: This video contains strong language. Pinker sits with an interviewer in a park to discuss topics from his 2007 book The Stuff of Thought. Some potentially offensive content follows. Pinker discusses the etiology of taboo and profane words and their emotional impact despite meaning and syntax. Why do sexual terms and profanity exist […]
This clip is made up of individual English phonemes and edited together. Phonemes are differences in sound that make a contribution to meaning. By cutting together these different sounds, the author of this clip is able to create an approximation of a pretty famous quote. Without visiting the YouTube page or the home page for […]
Garden path sentences are sentences that give the subjective impression that one is following a garden path to a predictable destination until it is obvious that you are mistaken. This is a clip from the Micallef Program, a sketch comedy show from Australia; the man explains that what he is about to say sounds ridiculous. […]
On the show Between the Lions, Brian McKnight and Cleo the Lion sing a duet about a special love they share homophones. Homophones are two words that that mean something different but are pronounced the same. Of the examples they give, which are function words and which are content words? How do homophones affect our […]
This video features George Lakoff explaining how he decided to start his work on conceptual metaphor theory. According to the conceptual metaphor theory, metaphors and other forms of figurative language are not necessarily creative expressions we use metaphor to make sense of our experiences. How many examples of conceptual metaphor does Lakoff give? Are these […]
Figurative language is language that means one thing literally but is taken to mean something different. Two types that have been examined extensively by psycholinguistic research are indirect speech acts and metaphor. This song features several different types of figures of speech can you identify them all?
In this video, a man with Brocas Aphasia is being interviewed. He is asked questions about a problem he has had with his legs. What are the symptoms of Brocas Aphasia and how does this man demonstrate them? What are some possible causes of Brocas Aphasia? How does it differ from Wernickes Aphasia?
This video is from the same study as the video above (Brocas Aphasia). As you can tell, while the subject is speaking a great deal more than the man in the first video, it is much more difficult to follow the conversation. How does comprehension vary between those with Brocas Aphasia and those with Wernickes […]
In this short clip from The Muppet Show, the Swedish Chef teaches us how to make meatballs. Of course, as is the hallmark of this character, we cannot understand what he is saying. Can you identify what some of his articulation issues might be? What are the manners of articulation, and how might you help […]
In this public service announcement, a mother tries to talk to her daughter about drugs. She is unable to find the words, and so her speech comes out as a random collection of unrelated words. Word Salad is a condition in which the speaker believes they are speaking clearly, but are in fact speaking in […]
A Parents TV anchor interviews directors of a language program and parents on the topic of bilingual children. The benefits to the child and parents are discussed. Is becoming bilingual beneficial or detrimental to children? Explain your stance with points from the video and personal experience. The director of the language program states that it […]
This tutorial aims to teach the Cherokee language, Tsalagi. This language is an example of a syllabary a set of written symbols that represent syllables. These symbols are then combined to form words. A syllabary is one of three main types of orthographies, or methods of mapping the sounds of a language onto a set […]
Paraguay is the only bilingual country in Latin America. Spanish is the official language in Paraguay where native cultural tradition is still thriving in modern times. Every citizen is also fluent in Guarani, the language of the country’s indigenous people. What is the difference between simultaneous bilingualism and sequential bilingualism? How does bilingualism affect metalinguistic […]